Surveys section allows you to define new surveys or edit the current ones, release a questionnaire to a subset of participants, track the number of responded, canceled, or expired questionnaires, view responses as a list or on a map, and download the responses in CSV format.
For more information about the logic of surveys in Ethica you can read Ethica Surveys section.
Survey definition section provides a summery of the surveys defined in the current study. The following image shows the survey definition section for a sample study.
Each row here shows the information for one survey. As you can see, this sample study has two surveys, #154 and #155, and both are generic surveys, named User initiated surveys and Context-initiated surveys respectively. Each of these surveys have an expiry time of 2 hours (120 minutes), and they are set to be active all the time during participation period.
As mentioned in Survey Basics section, each survey consists of one or more questionnaire. Here you can see each of the defined surveys consist of two questionnaires. You also can see the total number of surveys responded, canceled, and expired for each survey, together with the median response time in minutes. These information is aggregated across all participants.
You can click on the ``+`` sign next to the survey ID to expand the row and read information about each of the questionnaires for the survey. The following image shows the information on the questionnaires defined for survey #155:
Here each questionnaire is represented by one row and each row shows the following information:
- Questionnaire: Here you can see the title you have assigned to this questionnaire. If no title is set, Ethica shows the ordinal number of the questionnaire.
- Page Count: Shows how many pages of questions are included in this questionnaire.
- Question Count: Shows how many questions in total are defined in this questionnaire.
- Total Responded: Show the total number of responded submitted by all participants for this questionnaire. A response is counted here only if participant goes through all pages and presses Submit at the end. Note that participant still might skip some questions, if the question is marked as optional.
- Total Cancelled: Shows the total number of questionnaire prompts which was cancelled by the participant.
- Total Expired: Shows the total number of questionnaire prompts which was expired.
- Median Response Time: The median response time for all responses from all participants. The response time is considered the interval between the time the questionnaire was issued to the time the user pressed Submit on device. Expired or cancelled responses are excluded.
- Last Response: The time when the last response was received from any participant in the study. This includes expired or cancelled responses as well.
Each questionnaire also has a Release Now button in its row which allows releasing the questionnaire to a subset of participants. You can read more about how to use this button in Researcher Triggered questionnaires.
In order to measure and control participants' compliance with surveys, it's necessary to have statistics on the number of surveys completed, expired or cancelled by each participant at any time period. The Stats section provides this statistics. In this section you can selected a time window, together with one or more surveys you are inquiring about. Pressing Go will show the number of responses for each participant for each questionnaire in each of the selected surveys.
For example, the following image shows the number of responses provided by all participants during Oct. 4th to Oct. 10th 2015, for each questionnaire of both surveys defined in a sample study. For each questionnaire for each participant, you can see the total number of surveys completed, cancelled, and expired:
In this section you can read responses provided by a subset of participants for all questionnaires in a given survey. Whether the response is completed, cancelled, or expired, an entry will be shown for it together with some information about the response and all answers provided by user.
For example, the image requests responses collected from participants #9, #231, and #237, for survey #154, Context-initiated surveys. Pressing Go will load both the content of all questionnaires included in selected survey, together with all responses provided by selected participants for this survey.
The following image shows the content of the questionnaires included in the selected survey:
Clicking on responses tab shows all the loaded responses. The image below is one example of a response submitted by a participant:
The header of the response shows the participant ID, the time the response was provided, and how long it took for user to complete the questionnaire since it was started, whether automatically by a context analyzer or manually triggered by participant or researcher. If this time is less than one minute, the system shows the questionnaire was answered immediately, similar to the image shown above. If the survey is Expired or Cancelled by participant, a relevant message will indicate this status.
All questions responsed by user can be seen here. If the response includes a media, such as image or an audio file, the media is also loaded as part of the response. For example, in the image above you can see the image captured by participant as a support for physical activity, together with the audio file recorded by him to explain why he thinks this is element can support physical activity.
The header of a response shows the duration only if the participant has completed the survey. Otherwise, depending on whether the participant has cancelled the survey or the survey is expired, the header shows "Cancelled" or "Expired" respectively. Regardless of this, whether the survey is completed, cancelled, or expired, any response provided by participant will be stored and shown here. In other words, if the participant answers a few questions and leaves the survey to expire, or selects to cancel the survey, all responses provided by her up to that point will be stored and shown here.
You can use this visualization to plot the survey responses on a map, and observe the location where a subset of participants have answered questionnaires. Similar to Responses section, you can select one or more participant, and a given survey, and press Go to load the survey. For example, the following image shows the responses provided by participant #231 to 'Context-initiated surveys':
You can zoom in and select a pin in the location you are interested in. This will open a pop-up showing all the responses provided in that location. Each response will have the same information as explained in Responses section: time and date of the response, duration of the response, and answer to each question. The following image shows responses provided in a given location by participant #231:
If more than one response is provided in a given location, a pair of blue arrows appear on the top of the pop-up dialog allowing to switch back and forth between different responses.